It seems she took her father’s advice not only to kill Marty but to use Google to figure out how to do it. First of all, on a more practical level, the law in Deut 21:13 says that a foreign/captive woman allotted to become a wife must remove her old clothes, mourn her family at least a month, and then she is able to be married. This would translate as âthatâ or âso that.â The verb clause is either an imperfect or a jussive. It appears that, after he had eaten and drunk he was tired and lay down to rest. Grammatically, the verb is ambiguous in its meaning and is a weqatal functioning as an instructional imperfect with the sense of imperative. Shirley Whitney April 15, 2015 at 9:09 am. It’s not very common for us to express our mourning the loss of our loved ones by the clothing we wear. And perhaps, the author may have been seeking to insinuate that the Israelites were more like Judah and Tamar than Boaz and Ruth. B. Ruth 3:6-13: Ruth obeys Naomi's words. Remember – her husband, brother-in-law, and father-in-law had all died. He is godly – but I think at least one thing would have been hindering him from making any advance. of Biblical Studies, University of Sheffield, 1977. Nashville: Nelson, 2007. “His heart was merry”: Using the same language of 3:1 (“rest” … “be well”), Boaz is described as having a sense of well-being which is most readily explained by the full harvest in contrast to previous years of famine (Judges 18:20; 1 Kings 21:7). The first infinitive (×××ª×) has the pronoun suffixed which acts as the subject of the infinitive. Tonight he will be winnowing barley on the threshing floor. And how was the spiritual atmosphere overall in the days of the judges? The book of Ruth is the Narrative of a love story, yet also has some important Genealogy. Perhaps it was actually meant to be a true story functioning as a sort of parable. However, there are examples of oddities in forms relating to Naomi and Boazâs speech which may indicate that the author wanted to add some linguistic flare without being confusing or misleading, only altering the final verb in the sequence. This becomes evident in the passage 3:1-6. However, Bush and Block tend to believe that there is significant evidence of linguistic markers which imply that Ruth was standard biblical Hebrew. The sons marry two local girls, Ruth and Orpah, during this time. This would be translated âshe acted according to all which her mother-in-law instructed.â Whether the variant is original or not, the sense of the verse is not altered. Really. Her desire for Ruth could easily be paralleled with a prophet or judge or faithful kingâs desire for Israel. Journal for the study of the Old Testament 2. That means the PP is likely original and perhaps was meant to be translated with PP as the head of the following relative clause. What happened to him? Naomi tells the girls to go home. There is a clear intention from the author to validate and trace the line of David. She was dissatisfied with the idol-worship of her own people, and when the opportunity arose, she gladly gave up the privileges of royalty in her land and accepted a life of poverty among people she admired. Just the position of a soul awakened. The story revolves around three main characters Naomi, Ruth, and Boaz. And he said, Let it not be known that a woman came into the floor. Ruth and Boaz at the Threshing Floor. In the undertones and background of this simple story is a reference to what true obedience is all about. He’s a seriously godly man. But he also knows that there’s someone closer to Ruth and Naomi than he is. [iii] Daniel Isaac Block, Judges, Ruth (NAC), v. 6 (Nashville, Tenn: Broadman & Holman Publishers, 1999), 590â92. He didn’t want land changing hands permanently. Learn how your comment data is processed. This is perhaps due to the purpose or intent. It could also be justly rendered as âso.â Also, this clause has a chain of weqatal verbs in the second, feminine, singular. Either way, the intention of the sentence seems to parallel the previous in order to show Ruthâs corresponding actions to her words. inasmuch as thou followedst not young men, whether poor or rich. The fifth message in this series, describing the role of the Holy Spirit in readying the Church (as a Bride) to meet her Bridegroom in the air. Julia Garner in ‘Ozark’ season 1 episode 6 (Photo by Jackson Davis/Netflix) Ruth’s messing with the electrical by the docks. Holmstedt thinks the K may be an archaism but if it is then it is not consistent with other occurrences of this form. So, Ruth was probably still wearing clothing that indicated her sorrow over these events. Baylor handbook on the Hebrew Bible. Ruth chapter 3 summary began as Naomi coached Ruth on how she should find more favor with Boaz (their close kinsman). Out of the other eight occurrences seven occur in Deuteronomy. Nashville: Broadman & Holman Publishers, 1999. âââ. Naomi, or just the author, may be inferring more than just Ruthâs clean up. She was between the two countries. This may emphasize both Ruth and Boazâs nobleness to act properly, humbly, and kindly. And in order to be startled, a man would need to be awake. She’s been a hard worker in the fields. Poor Ruth: a destitute, forlorn, bereaved, homeless, portionless widow. Ruthâs statement here is paralleled with Boazâs response to Ruth in v.11. “Is not Boaz our kinsman?” Our next of kin? and turned himself: and, behold, a woman lay at his feet. Even though Ruth is a foreigner in the land of Israel, a wealthy farmer named Boaz takes interest in her. All of the occurrences in Deuteronomy are in relation to obedience to the Law and Yahweh so that the people might enjoy a blessed and fruitful life, especially in the Land. And if that’s all that you knew, you might be a little confused. Naomi knows – or at least she thinks that she knows – that Boaz is the next in line to marry Ruth. 16 And when she came to her mother in law, she said, Who art thou, my daughter? Rut - Ruth - Chapter 3 ... 6 And she went down to the threshing-floor, and she did all that her mother-in-law had charged her. She, in response, played the part of a prostitute, putting on a veil and widowâs garment, and seduced Judah her father-in-law. The phrase (×××××ª ××¨×××ª××) can be understood either as Ruth uncovering Boazâs feet or his genitals, Ruth uncovering herself at his feet, or as Ruth making herself known at Boazâs feet. Ruth Chapter 1 Summary. [It was still so dark that no one would know who was there or not.] That would mean the following clause is logically related to the previous clause or sentence. Neither do we witness them involved in any form of immorality. For Israel, the message was loud and clear. Ruth 3:1-18 1 One day Naomi her mother-in-law said to her, "My daughter, should I not try to find a home for you, where you will be well provided for? How many proverbs did Solomon write? Following this clause is an occurrence of (×× ×) which is often translated âbeholdâ signaling a new independent clause. It’s not that she didn’t have any on. But, they needed to return to their God and his covenant Law in obedience so that he might give true rest to his people and the Land. Ah, but Ruth is different. Though she was a foreigner and a widow, because of her faithful obedience and righteousness she received a redeemer who would give her rest. These characters are given only minimal background information with the story far more interested in their actions in the given story. Then she arose with her daughters in law, that she might return. For David in 12;20, his first son with Bathsheeba dies. Naomi tells her – now’s the time to change those clothes. It was her obedience to a command. Ruth 3 Commentary: Verses 1 – 5. [So not only would Boaz make a godly husband, he also seems to be a future mother-in-law’s dream come true – being concerned for even her.] 2 Is not Boaz, with whose servant girls you have been, a kinsman of ours? Also, the intransitive verb (××¨××ª) takes this accusative as an adverbial function with termination as the category. [i] A. J. Rosenberg, ed., The Five Megilloth: A New English Translation, Judaica books of the Hagiographa–the Holy Writings (New York: Judaica Press, 1992), xi. Life is good. III. Ruth and Boaz are not considered noble (חיל) simply for treating others properly but also in their obedience and loving kindness (חסד). Although translators sometimes say it is a place of rest, meaning a home, in this story it seems there is more going on, especially in light of some of the phrases used elsewhere in this passage. The ârestâ Naomi desires for Ruth in a redeemer, brought on by both human and divine kindness (××¡×) and divine providence, is easily paralleled to the situation Israel remains in under Saul, the many kings following David, or foreign exile, depending on the dating of the authorship. Within this verb sequence is the slightly confusing phrase determining where Boaz lies down. In v.11, it seems more stylistic or poetic or appropriate to include the word than in v.5. That’s – I believe – why Ruth uncovered his feet. Likewise, Naomi includes the accusative with a genitive (××ªÖ¾××¨× ××©××¢×¨××) where the accusative marker is actually functioning as the locative preposition âat.â Â The phrase then should perhaps be translated as âat the threshing floor of barleyâ indicating the location was a more formal place and distinct from others. But Boaz hasn’t made any advances in that area. Tonight he will be winnowing barley on the threshing floor. This foundational idea is imbedded within the weekly habit, the yearly festivals, the Lawâs requirement for the land and slaves, and the hope for the Promised Land. The Five Megilloth: A New English Translation. 1 Then Naomi her mother-in-law said to her, “My daughter, shall I not seek 1 security for you, that it may be well with you? 2 “Now is not Boaz a our 1 kinsman, with whose maids you were? Naomi then contrived to marry Ruth to Boaz by invoking her kinship with him. Behold, he winnows barley at the threshing floor tonight. Ruth 3:16-18 New International Version (NIV). 7 And when Boaz had eaten and drunk, and his heart was merry, he went to lie down at the end of the heap of corn [or grain]: and she came softly, and uncovered his feet, and laid her down. ( Log Out / Boaz and Ruth do not engage in sexual acts but maintain purity and withhold, at least according to the story, to engage in sex until after the redemption and marriage recorded in 4:13. And that’s where we heard of Ruth’s confession of allegiance to the Lord. This may either serve as a conviction, since she is a Moabitess, or a validation for David and his progeny as the king or redeemer of Israel. In context though, this makes no sense due to the previous three verbs in the second, feminine, singular. And Naomi has full confidence in Boaz. ii. From what he says it sounds like he’d be very happy to do that. Deuteronomy 17:15 tells the Israelites that they will have a king appointed over them by the Lord himself. If you’re an Old Testament Hebrew and your family has rights to a piece of land, that piece of land needs to stay in your family. But it happened in ancient Israel. Audrey January 30, 2015 at 11:55 am. In 2:1, the sense is a familial relation between Elimelech and Boaz. Their lack of rest was not God being unfaithful but rather his faithfulness to the tenets of the covenant. And in contradiction to Holmstedt, all are translated with âthatâ and carry a resultive function for the clause. Here, the message through several allusions, points the reader toward hope in a redeemer and a reminder or conviction about disobedience to the Law. IV. At this point, the story shifts to Ruth and her actions until Boaz addresses her in v.9 as Naomi predicted. 11 And now, my daughter, fear not; I will do to thee all that thou requirest: for all the city of my people doth know that thou art a virtuous woman. The other is in Genesis with the Joseph narrative when he interprets the cupbearers dream. In general, the word implies knowledge or familiarity or knowing someone, in this case perhaps as a kinsman or relative. Remember wicked king Ahab and Naboth? The time of the Judges was an evil and tumultuous time when people did what âseemed right in their own eyesâ (Ju 17:6, 21:25). Required fields are marked *. This hypothesis would point to a much earlier date, no later than pre-exilic and perhaps as early as the tenth century, as the rabbinic traditions claim.[iii]. And this news explains why he seemed to be slow in acting on his obligation to marry Ruth.] I read about an older (well, 69, which isn’t that much older than me) man in Europe, who tried to take a shortcut home by cutting across an estuary and finding himself up to his knees in mud. And the hope and what seems to be described is that she is a noble woman and will be a faithful wife, who is properly prepared. and she went into the city. 4 In this verse, there is only one variant. Ruth 1:6. Though in a strict translation this sounds odd in English, it is best either left untranslated or used to further emphasize the modified noun (×××§××). She was a faithful woman who did as she promised. But when she hears that there is food in her homeland again, she makes her way back. cutting corners), I decided to do a search on the Internet to see what kind of shortcuts I could find. 3 Wash, put on perfume, and get dressed in your best clothes. Tamar was also a widow, probably a Canaanite like Judahâs wife, and seeking levirate marriage. Verses 1-5 Here is, I. Naomi’s care for her daughter’s comfort is without doubt very commendable, and is recorded for imitation. How does he respond? This should not be understood in a future sense though the rest and plan she proposes is in the future. It speaks of Yahweh spreading the corner or wings of his garment over Israel and entering a covenant vow. Though this story may take place after the writing of Ruth, it nevertheless shows a pattern common in the completion of mourning. [Now, let’s think about this. After all, Israelites weren’t supposed to let Moabites into their assembly. for thou hast shewed more kindness in the latter end than at the beginning, [How’s that?] [v] Francis Brown, Samuel Rolles Driver, and Charles Augustus Briggs, Enhanced Brown-Driver-Briggs Hebrew and English Lexicon (Oxford: Clarendon Press, 1977), 210. exegesis, old testament, ruth, ruth 3:1-6, theology. Ahab wanted Naboth’s vineyard. Campbell, Edward F. Ruth: A New Translation with Introduction and Commentary. Holladay, William Lee, and Ludwig Hugo KÃ¶hler. Each of the occurrences carry the meaning of logical conclusion perhaps also translated as âand so.â Another interesting but perplexing word use in this verse is (××××¢×ª× ×) often translated as ârelative.â There is a host of possible explanations for why this form is used. Ruthâs rest and Naomiâs blessing for her that âit may be well with youâ are seemingly nice gestures on the surface. 8 And it came to pass at midnight, that the man was afraid, [Or “startled”. Now, we need to talk about how some people interpret these instructions that Naomi gave to Ruth. So, then that child will grow and he’ll take charge of that property. It may be a deeper implication to become pure and right before Yahweh so that Boaz would be just in redeeming her. 6 And it came to pass that when the brother of Jared had said these words, behold, the a Lord stretched forth his hand and touched the stones one by one with his b finger. Ruth 3 Commentary: When we open to the 3rd chapter of the book of Ruth we’re coming into the middle of several story lines in the Bible. 9 (Nashville: Nelson, 2007), 18. Well, God anticipated this issue. So, let’s talk about the cultural expectations in the days of Boaz and Ruth. The occurrence in Numbers is with Balaam speaking to Balak after his second oracle. The giving of the Law and the subsequent covenant was perhaps the single most important qualifier for the people of Israel, despite their unfaithfulness. Likewise, another subtle change to the phrase is the addition of the preposition (×××). Theological Wordbook of the Old Testament. First – obviously – we’re landing in the middle of the book of Ruth. 10 RESULTS OF THE RESURRECTION FOR US (Part 3), 10 RESULTS OF THE RESURRECTION FOR US (Part 2), 10 RESULTS OF THE RESURRECTION FOR US (Part 1). The narrative takes a turn in v.5 from the preceding four verses. However, it is also clear the author had much more embedded in his intentions. Do you remember where Naomi tells Ruth to put on clothes in verse 3? 15 Also he said, Bring the vail that thou hast upon thee, and hold it. VanGemeren, Willem. 6 ¶ And she went down unto the floor, and did according to all that her mother in law bade her. Therefore it should be engaged in with great seriousness, with earnest prayers for direction, for the blessing of God, and with regard to his precepts. Ruth Summary by Jay Smith. Thank you for your summary of Ruth. In fact, twice in Deuteronomy (12:9 and 28:65) this word for ârestâ is used to contrast peace and security with the lack of it, the former being in the Land and the latter being amidst the nations. Either way, the sense of the verse is not altered whether it is included or not. But regardless, there is a picture at play for the bride of the Lord and in general. And so he commanded back in the Law that if brothers live together and one dies without leaving an heir to the land then the brother needs to marry his brother’s widow and raise up a child to inherit his father’s property. 4:1. 1 One day Ruth’s mother-in-law Naomi said to her, “My daughter, I must find a home # 3:1 Hebrew find rest (see 1:9). So – by the time we reach Ruth 3 from all the way back in the book of Genesis – Israel is waiting for and expecting its king. ruth's obedience and boaz' favorable response (ruth 3:6-13) "And she went down unto the threshing-floor, and did according to all her mother-in-law bade her. Judaica books of the Hagiographa–the Holy Writings. And – whether it was a punishment from God or not –the father of that family died in Moab. She now trusts the true God of Israel. Ruth 3:1-13. The Book of Ruth Summary. And what wakes a man from sleep better than uncovering his feet and exposing them to the increasing cool of the surrounding night air? Some commentators have thought of this as evidence of her illicit intentions to basically be a prostitute for Boaz. Here, the K is (××©××××ª×) while the Q with many manuscripts is (Ö¾×ªÖ°Ö¼). The goal for both Ruth and Israel was rest and refuge and peace. And she answered, I am Ruth thine handmaid: spread therefore thy skirt over thine handmaid; for thou art a near kinsman. 6 She and her daughters-in-law then prepared to go back from the plateau of Moab because word had reached her there that the LORD had seen to his people’s needs * and given them food. Ruth 3:1-6. Scripture: Ruth 3:1-6, Ruth 2:5. I really don’t think that’s the case and I’ve explained why already. Here in Ruth, the author makes a seemingly simple, straight forward statement of compliance. Her return to her mother-in-law . So, secondly, when we enter Ruth 3 we enter into the midst of the days during which the form of Israelite government was this system of tribal rulers whom we know as “judges”. When all came to light, Judah was shown to be just as immoral as she and in fact he says she is âmore righteous than Iâ (Gn 38:26). Bush, Frederic William. One daughter-in-law leaves Naomi to find a new husband; the other swears an oath of loyalty to Naomi: This woman’s name is Ruth. Kittel, Gerhard, Geoffrey W. Bromiley, and Gerhard Friedrich, eds. Although word ordering can be misleading, here it seems that the emphasis is given to highlight the willingness to do whatever or âallâ that is being requested of them. What happens then? Instead, the people intermarried with the idolaters and even worshiped their false deities. Theological Lexicon of the Old Testament. This alternative sense is to âdraw a conclusion, especially a practical one, from what has been stated.â[vi] The translation then is still âand nowâ but could be supplied other words in English to better convey the logical connection or implication inferred. Orpah does but Ruth refuses. 6. The word that is interesting in this verse, is the word for “skirt”. Starting the second verse, Naomi gives a conjunction with an adverb. So, barley is not the direct object but an adjective or title in construct. Then – without the family leader – the two boys married Moabite women. But the promise of a king goes even farther back than that. So his brother Chilion would be next in line to marry Ruth and raise up a boy to inherit the land. Ruth gleans until evening and accumulates a good deal of barley. Parents should carefully advise their children in this important concern, that it may be well with them as to their … Ruth: A Discourse Analysis of the Hebrew Bible. 9. Hawk, L. Daniel. What happens when you gather wealth by labor according to Proverbs 13 11? However, the Old Greek does not account for this inclusion. And she answered, I am Ruth thine handmaid: spread therefore thy skirt over thine handmaid; for thou art a near kinsman. Therefore, Naomi wants Ruth to see if Boaz will marry her. OK, so the question is – is there some cultural obligation that Boaz might have to marry Ruth? Men would have been the landowners. When she asks where Ruth did her gleaning, Ruth tells her that the owner of the field was named Boaz. We could expect this kind of behavior in the book of Judges. This nobility, though, is not a product of power and prowess but rather due to submissive, humble hearts which have sought to be obedient to the Lord. In the days of the Judges. Naomi wants Ruth taken care of. It is uniquely short and seemingly not as theological as most other books. The root is either the verb (×××¢) or the noun (××¢×ª). And Ruth – she’s done nothing but good. Furthermore, the final phrase of the verse is highly interesting and has important nuances. 3 Wash and perfume yourself, and put on your best clothes. So, though perhaps somewhat hidden to the modern reader, Naomiâs blessing was actually an injunction to be blessed by Yahweh directly connected to obedience to his law. Now, all of these events happened when? They had been unfaithful and disobedient but Yahweh was full of loving kindness and would stay true to his promises. Create a free website or blog at WordPress.com. And it should be – because that’s not what the narrator has led us to expect from any of these people. The verb is a deliberative imperfect which is connected to the interrogative with the sense that Naomi is currently or in a more general way seeking rest for Ruth. Harvest time was a time of feasting and enjoyment, so Boaz was full and happy when he retired for the night. Likewise, with the later inclusion of Boaz inquiring who was at his feet and the preceding instruction from Naomi to (××Ö¾×ª×××¢×), or not be known yet, it may also be inferred that the implication of the verb (×××) is to show or make herself known at the proper time and place rather than a sexual gesture, which BDB gives as a legitimate option for the Piel. The Book of Ruth Summary. The four main elements are Ruthâs rest and Naomiâs blessing, Ruthâs preparations, Ruthâs precarious but noble actions, and Ruthâs obedient response. However, there is a big difference. 18 Then Naomi said, “Wait, my daughter, until you find out what happens. Mahlon. If all the subtleties in this story were caught, it would both convict the reader and spur them onto a hope found in returning to the instruction of the Lord. Why? There, they set up shop, eat some food, and live for about ten years. Ruth, humbly refers to herself as his maidservant and makes her plea. And the answer to this lack of peace and prosperity was a result of disobedience and stray from the instruction of the Lord. Second, the word for ârestâ (×× ××) has several potential functions. These prostitutes would come by and offer their services and in return get some grain. And her brother-in-law and husband had died fairly recently. Barley harvest is typically associated with Passover festival and the wheat harvest is concluded around the time of Pentecost or Shavuot, which is why Jewish tradition reads this book alongside Numbers during the Feast of Weeks. So, this particular phrase not only shows the legitimacy in the line of a king of Israel but it also serves as a condemnation against Israel. 2. he winnoweth barley to-night in the threshing-floor--The winnowing process is performed by throwing up the grain, after being trodden down, against the wind with a shovel. As I was thinking about shortcuts (a.k.a. 7 She and her two daughters-in-law left the place where they had been living. Now it … The function of (××©××¨) seems to be result, though Holmstedt thinks it is a comparative use. However, there is also another underlying theme. Judges, Ruth (NAC). Jewish Exegesis of the Book of Ruth. Theological Dictionary of the New Testament. At the end of chapter two, the reader is told that Ruth continued to work faithfully in the field of Boaz day after day until the end of both âbarley and wheat harvestâ (2:23). KJV Ruth 3:1 ¶ Then Naomi her mother in law said unto her, My daughter, shall I not seek rest for thee, that it may be well with thee? The narrator helps clarify that Naomi was not just giving a suggestion but a command or instruction. This word actually refers to the wing of a feathered bird like an eagle and is translated like that many places. . The author begins this section with the waw prefixed to the verb (×ª×××¨) in the consecutive preterite form, it should be understood in the sense of sequence with the translation âthenâ or âand then.â This helps convey the function of propelling the narrative. In other words – “the man who’s next in line legally to marry you and raise up a son to inherit our land?”. She was not the daughter of either, only a daughter-in-law to Naomi, which the word for such was given in the background narrative, and she was only a loosely connected relative through her dead husband to Boaz. Certainly the book has at its core intentions the validation of David and his lineage. The overall sense and meaning of the passage is unaffected by this variation. The prefix (×Ö¾) to the (×¨××) is either source or locative. So, by the beginning of chapter three a substantial amount of time has elapsed since the two women entered Bethlehem of Judah. Publishers, 1999. âââ a near kinsman and live for about ten years all that sayest... Ruth: a Discourse Analysis of the Law Lord gave them like Judahâs wife, father-in-law... Contributed by Stephen Smith on Feb 18, 2020 | 2,216 views talk about some... Between the K and Q with the re-giving of the sentence seems to be awake marker and definite... 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As she promised about shortcuts ( a.k.a external Opposition to God ’ s start reading Ruth 3:1 least one would! David A. Hubbard, Glenn W. Barker, and John D. W. Watts to night the. The re-giving of the covenant offer their services and in contradiction to holmstedt, Robert D. Ruth: Discourse! Goal for both Ruth and the answer to this lack of peace from enemies and anxiety many throughout the.! 3 summary began as Naomi coached Ruth on how she should find favor... Someone is Boaz parallel with the idolaters and even worshiped their false deities new clause. ×× ×× ) has the pronoun suffixed which acts as the category did! Her mourning garments on her the conjunction complete the thought being conveyed, making Ruth the explicit indirect of. Slightly confusing phrase determining where Boaz goes after he ’ s confession of allegiance to book. Explained what this gesture of Ruth ’ s confession of allegiance to the city and shows it her... Sense and meaning of the verb in v.5 from ( ×××¨ ) to ( ×¦×× in! Statement comes at the beginning, [ or “ startled ” future result and fruitful apart from the land within! The phrase is the opportune time for her other aspects of this book is intertwined during the rule Saul... Been living, â BDB gives an alternative when connected to this view, Naomi begins her to... Faithful kingâs desire for Israel hope was thrown into disarray by disobedience to the tenets of the in! 2007 ), you might also wonder why Naomi would think that ’ s a confused. Ruth during this one week of liturgical time story unfolds, the precise intentions of Naomi are unclear where did. Very happy to do a search on the Hebrew Text into even greater chaos instruction the... Very fine character, who ACKNOWLEDGES the DUTY of a king who lead..., during this one week of liturgical time is common for illicit behavior in the imperative,. Clear the author makes a seemingly simple, straight forward statement of compliance even greater chaos? ” next! His lineage from any of these components highlights important theological messages, whether obvious.
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