new england colonies chart

PLAY. See more ideas about colonial america, answer keys, answers. ]����-��}�Z. The climate negatively affected people’s lives because it facilitated the spread of diseases that killed many people. Was part of the New England colonies. If you continue to use this site we will assume that you are happy with it. Your notes should be in your own words. Your email address will not be published. The 13 English Colonies Directions: While reading “The 13 English Colonies,” use the chart below to take notes. On a social level, New England was a region where neighbors knew one another. As I have said before, my 5th graders really enjoy making and using flip charts as a review in my Social Studies classes. (Last Privacy Policy Update July 2020), Byways & Historic Trails – Great Drives in America, Soldiers and Officers in American History, Saugus Iron Works National Historic Site, Massachusetts, Delphine LaLaurie and Her Haunted Mansion. The founders of the New England colonies had an entirely different mission from the Jamestown settlers. Apr 30, 2019 - Explore JMR History's board "Colonial America Worksheets with Answer Keys" on Pinterest. Connecticut 4. Bordered by Connecticut and Massachusetts. About 50 scattered settlements were established by March 1629 around the shores and on the islands of Boston harbor. New England Colonies. If you're seeing this message, it means we're having trouble loading external resources on our website. Study every night! Their economy was based on trading, fishing, and shipbuilding. Determined to migrate to the new land of America, they got permission from the London Company to settle in; but their pilot brought them to the shores of Cape Cod, where they landed December 21, 1620. However, King Charles I, coming more and more under the influence of men who thought the only ecclesiastical reform needed was the extermination of independent opinions of all sorts, and the lamblike submission of Church, courts, and parliaments to the royal will made little distinction in his despotic mind between Separatists and Puritans. ;�U��.���� /�4\b�}����>���G*�|��zMw��`Z5�N~f� ���idO����4��%!��}#�c�.���>P�Pn%`���?��S=:D�я��%n��U}:�N��xY�U���|�_,��UqK�X������*�ח�b��O�����7�o�$��ږE�Ų9��}x. The meetinghouse was the most important building in the town. x��=ko�8���?�۹i�HQ�4�3��.6��3�]v��n�������~���~P>��MJU,��z���������O?��iq������W�} aeŊO7�_���HAiWVM�Ҷ�i���������~z��_'���`'�bY�~�~}{�_l��]�ns� ��f���.�����ׯ�H M�����}��ċl����wE�L��c?TU��tو��L��?N�5|�N��U�U�4��ٓak� �ߞv��Y��5���. 13 Colonies Regional Differences; He was as glad to have the latter out of England as his father had been to get rid of the former, and he granted the Massachusetts charter less as a favor than as a sentence of exile. Map of Connecticut and the New England Colonies. The spot was rechristened Boston, after the Puritan fishing village in the east of England, where John Cotton was the pastor. Crops that grow well in the other regions, such as rice and wheat, do not thrive in this climate. Click for prints and products. Sir Ferdinando Gorges, governor of Plymouth, was the moving spirit of the company, and despite his losses in the expedition of 1607-1608, he showed a determination worthy of a Sir Walter Raleigh. In 1614, Gorges sent Captain John Smith, who had earlier played an important part in founding Jamestown, to explore the coast of “northern Virginia,” as the Plymouth grant was called. The second sheet has the individual colonies with the dotted lines the form the flaps. endobj <>/ProcSet[/PDF/Text/ImageB/ImageC/ImageI] >>/MediaBox[ 0 0 612 792] /Contents 4 0 R/Group<>/Tabs/S/StructParents 0>> While the settlement at Plymouth was slowly growing, several attempts were made by Gorges and other members of the Massachusetts Council for New England to plant colonies in the New World. Their objective was neither to explore the country for gold nor to find a northwest passage to the Indies. These “Independents” had separated from the Church of England because it retained in its worship many features, such as vestments, altars, and ceremonies, which seemed to them as “idolatrous” as the Roman Catholic rites, which England had rejected. The people in the New England colonies had a puritan form of religion (“Climate of the Three Colonies” par. The middle colonies were also more tolerant than their northern counterparts. The chart below shows the total population of Britain’s colonies from the founding of Jamestown, Va., in 1607 to the 1790 census, the first census of the U.S. government. --financing - motivation for founding - … The Southern Colonies were an Oligarchy, which meant that wealthy plantation owners controlled the government since they could pay for their expenses. Establish English colony in New World: Colonists disappeared without a trace. He little dreamed that he was laying the foundations of a practically independent state in his distant domain of America. The base sheet for the flip chart is basically a nap of the New England Colonies. The Puritans, like the Separatists, protested against what they called “the idolatrous remnants of papacy” in the English Church; but, unlike the Separatists, they believed in reforming the Church from within rather than leaving its communion. New England Colonies Mid Atlantic Colonies 1. The New England colonies were settled by Pilgrim families who landed at Plymouth Rock after separating from the Anglican church over differences in theology. The 13 colonies can be divided into three regions: New England, Middle, and Southern colonies. In 1629, King Charles I  angrily dismissed his Parliament and entered on his eleven years’ course of despotism, at which time, several leading members of the Massachusetts Company decided to emigrate to America themselves and take their charter with them. Consequently, its government, which was carried on by the democratic institution of the town meeting, was never legal in the eyes of the English court. 2. The British Colonies at a Glance Use your notes and Slides located in Google Classroom to complete the chart. Their home was in America. tion made in New York three vears before said 'I would ha Ye then ordered the like .J accounts to ' be taken J in New Jersey, but I was advised that it might make the people uneasy, they being generally of a New England extraction, and thereby eJ;lthusiasts; and that they "\Vould take it … The Pilgrims demonstrated that industry and courage could conquer even the inhospitable soil and climate of the Massachusetts shore and that unflinching devotion to an ideal could make of the wilderness, a home. It took its part bravely in the defense of the New England settlements against the Indians and saw half its towns destroyed in King Phillip’s War in 1675. The North American colonies that were settled by the English are often divided into three different groups: the New England colonies, the Middle colonies, and the Southern colonies. A few weeks after the formation of this new company, a group of 100 men and women, later known as the “Pilgrims,” landed the little vessel of Mayflower at Plymouth. Key Colonies Name each colony that belongs to each region. Instead, they came of their own free will to found homes in the wilderness, where, unmolested, they might worship God according to their conscience. Yet, when the Mayflower returned to England in the spring, not one of the colonists went with her. Updated 10-24-15 In this chapter, students will be introduced to the geography of the English colonies and will then study life in the New England colonies. Chart on new england, middle, and southern colonies . In 1628 a company of Puritan gentlemen secured a grant of land from the council and began the largest and most important of the English settlements in America — the colony of Massachusetts Bay. Many of these separatist congregations took refuge in Holland in 1608 but were not content to be absorbed into the Dutch nation and have their children forget the customs and speech of England. The first Thanksgiving with the Pilgrims. ... 13 Colonies Chart - Comparison of colonies and regions. New Hampshire. William Penn's colony was founded with religious freedom as a core tenet. STUDY. Organize your notes so you are able to look horizontally to see similarities and differences between the 3 regions. When - 1620 CoS - Mayflower, Separatist Puritans Folks - Bradford (2nd gov.) Their goal was to settle in a new land where they could practice their religion as they wished without pressure to conform. New England experiences long, cold, and very snowy winters and short, warm summers. 1 0 obj During this time, religion was an affair of the state, not alone of private choice. Whales were common up the coast and became a valuable resource for the colonies. Years later, in 1691, Plymouth would be annexed to the powerful neighboring colony of Massachusetts Bay. For men who were too brave to conceal their convictions, and too honest to modify them at the command of the sovereign, only three courses were open, — to submit to persecution and martyrdom, to rise in armed resistance, or to retire to a place beyond the reach of the king’s arm. This means to trade goods. New England’s main source of commerce was its fish and timber. Virginia: 1607: Southern: John Smith: Anglican: Royal: Trade and profits: Tobacco: Founded as joint-stock company. The first winter of 1620-1621 was difficult for the immigrants. Rulers enforced uniformity in creed and worship, in the belief that it was necessary to the preservation of their authority. Timber was often exported back to England and furs were sold. <> While the settlement at Plymouth was slowly growing, several attempts were made by Gorges and other members of the Massachusetts Council for New England to plant colonies in the New World. It was the first instance of complete self-government in the nation’s history, as the assembly which met at Jamestown the year before the landed, was called together by orders from the Virginia Company in England. 1. 4 0 obj Winthrop and Cotton were the leading spirits of the colony in its first twenty years: the former, a cultivated gentleman from the south of England, serving almost continually as governor; the latter, a scholar, and preacher of great power acting as director of the Massachusetts conscience. They were not sent by the Council for New England or by the London Company. 3 0 obj However, because of its small size and quiet demeanor, the colony of Plymouth was allowed to continue undisturbed by the Stuarts. Save my name, email, and website in this browser for the next time I comment. Plymouth and Massachusetts Bay 2. Only 60 of 1st 900 colonists survived. Regardless, the new English colonies grew rapidly. Farmers grew crops and made leather goods. endobj The Puritans arrived about a decade later. New England families earned their livelihoods in many ways. I indicated where the glue should be applied when the tabs are ready to be added. We use cookies. Our cookies are delicious. Summary of key people, events, and concepts in the early New England and Middle colonies. Facts - Mayflower … Also, they participated in government. <> Fed up with the ceremonial Church of England, Pilgrims and Puritans sought to recreate society in the manner they believed God truly intended it to be designed. View Map View More Resources Related Resources. John Endicott had established the first settlers of the company at Salem in 1628, but when the main body of emigrants came over with John Winthrop two years later, the colony was transferred to a narrow neck of land a few miles to the south, known to the Indians as Shawmut. 1). This company sent out a colony in the very year that the London Company settled Jamestown in 1607, but one winter in the little fort at the mouth of the Kennebec River, on the ice-bound coast of Maine, was enough to send the frozen settlers back to England. Printer Friendly. Map Flip Chart To wrap up our study of the New England Colonies, I thought I would do a flip chart in the form of a map. Unlike previous att… The 13 Original U.S. Colonies . People used a barter system instead of money. Any information on comparing and contrasting these elements of the New England, Middle, and Southern colonies would be a life saver! Unit 3, Chapter 5: New England Colonies. In addition, the After the establishment of the thirteen British colonies were divided into three geographical areas, these areas include: the New England, Middle and Southern colonies. 1921 painting by Jean Leon Gerome Ferris. <>>> The New England colonies consisted of Massachusetts Bay, New Hampshire, Connecticut, and Rhode Island. By the time of the American Revolutionary War, New England had become a wealthy haven for merchants. Was part of the New England colonies. The 13 Colonies Chart provides important information and interesting facts about each of the 13 Colonies including the date the colony was established, the region (New England, Middle or Southern) the system of government, religion, details The middle colonies were much more diverse than the New England colonies. Although lacking a charter, the founders of Plymouth in Massachusetts were, like their counterparts in Virginia, dependent upon private investments from profit-minded backers to finance their colony.The nucleus of that settlement was drawn from an enclave of English émigrés in Leiden, Holland (now in The Netherlands). Required fields are marked *. They had come to conquer the wilderness or die, and their determination was expressed in the brave words of one of their leaders: “It is not with us as with men whom small things can discourage.”  The little colony grew slowly and was never granted a charter by the king. New England colonies ©The Clever Teacher 2019 Name: _____ Colony Founder Reason Founded Massachusetts Plymouth Massachusetts Bay Connecticut New Hampshire Rhode Island YouTube Videos: Mr. Zoller’s Thirteen Colonies (3 part series) Their relative diversity was evident in both their ethnic and religious makeup. Pilgrims Mayflower Compact Puritans Great Migration Fundamental Orders of Connecticut Roger Williams Anne Hutchinson King Philip’s War Taking Notes Use your chart to take notes about the New England colonies. The New England colonies. Landing of the Pilgrims on Plymouth, by Peter Frederick RockRothermel, 1869. 1) religious freedom, 2) not happy with the church of England, 3) second chance for debtors or prisoners, 4) England was too crowded, 5) no jobs in England and pay was low, 6) gold, 7) land New England Colonies %PDF-1.5 Plymouth. The colonists of these different colonies hoped to find different things in the “New World.” Some sought economic opportunities while others left England for political or religious reasons. House of Burgesses (1619). Puritans decided to flee England due to persecution. C. New England town meetings. New England Colonies Middle Colonies Southern Colonies Information and Facts with the Plymouth Colony Fact File Fast facts and interesting information about the founding, establishment, geography, climate, religion, history, natural resources, raw material, industries (refer to Colonial Times) and the famous historical people associated with the Plymouth Colony of Colonial America. Comparison and Contrast of the New England, Middle and Southern Colonies. They remained loyal to the Church of England but advocated for significant religious reform. In 1620 Gorges persuaded the king to make a new grant of this territory to a number of nobles and gentlemen about the court, who was designated as the Council for New England. Politically, the little colony was of slight importance, but its moral and religious influence on New England was great. • The New England region offered a much more hospitable environment for settlers – The climate was not as volatile and the region was not susceptible to insects and disease • Whole family units offered a greater chance of survival • The life expectancy of settlers in the New England colonies was comparable to today (70+ years) Although economic prosperity was still a goal of the New England settlers, their true goal was spiritual. (1) Attempts to Overthrow British Rule (2) Development of Self-Government in the American Colonies (3) Establishment of British Parliamentary Control Over the Colonies (4) Social Reform Movements in the American Colonies. The southern colonies had a warm climate, and this made it a comfortable area for the colonialists. New England Colonies. Fishers caught fish and shipped to customers in Europe. New England Colonies Agriculture in the New England colonies was hampered by both the climate and the physical environment. Your email address will not be published. The base sheet for the flip chart is basically a nap of the New England Colonies. Rhode Island 3. The New England Colonies of British America included Connecticut Colony, the Colony of Rhode Island and Providence Plantations, Massachusetts Bay Colony, Plymouth Colony, and the Province of New Hampshire, as well as a few smaller short-lived colonies.The New England colonies were part of the Thirteen Colonies and eventually became five of the six states in New England. The Puritan work ethic and religious beliefs influence American culture today. New England colonies encouraged democratic ideas. The next year, they obtained from King Charles I, a royal charter constituting them a political body ruled by a governor, a deputy governor, and eighteen “assistants,” all elected by the members of the company. People in New England towns lived, worked, and worshiped close together. Although they had neither a right to the soil, nor power to establish a government, before the Pilgrims landed, they gathered in the cabin of the Mayflower and pledged themselves to form a government and obey it. Each and every one of these colonies had their own specific developments that were unique to the regions. If you're behind a web filter, please make sure that the domains *.kastatic.org and *.kasandbox.org are unblocked. 13 Original Colonies Chart. stream Winthrop was in control of the colony. endobj While the “Old Dominion” was being established at Jamestown, Virginia, a very different history was taking place in the northern regions granted to the Ferdinando Plymouth Company. About 50 scattered settlements were established by March 1629 around the shores and on … %���� Massachusetts Rhode island Connecticut New hampshire New york New jersey Pennsylvania Delaware 2.Reason(s) for Settlement. Smith made a map of the coast from Cape Cod to Nova Scotia, and called the land “New England.” On the map of America that he made, he first set down such familiar names as Cambridge, the Charles River, Plymouth, and Cape Ann. In 1630 they sent over to Massachusetts, 17 ships with nearly 1,000 colonists. 1610 350 (all in Virginia) 1620 2,302 (Virginia and Plymouth Plantation) Facts Bordered by New Hampshire, Connecticut, New York, and Rhode Island. The thirteen English colonies were founded between 1607 and 1733. The New England Colonies Map has a variety pictures that similar to locate out the most recent pictures of The New England Colonies Map here, and moreover you can acquire the pictures through our best the new england colonies map collection. In the 1700s, the triangular trade led directly to the Mayflower Compact, by Jean Leon Gerome Ferris, 1932. The New England Colonies were a theocracy, which meant that the church controlled the government.The Middle Colonies had their government and church separated. For trade with colonies For gold found in the … of the New England colonies. New England Colonies Middle Colonies Southern Colonies 2 0 obj The chart below provides additional information including the years of settlement and founders of each. Our website a practically independent state in his distant domain of America Peter Frederick RockRothermel, 1869 much diverse! Made it a comfortable area for the colonialists main source of commerce was its fish and shipped customers. Regions: New England had become a wealthy haven for merchants form the flaps warm! Because of its small size and quiet demeanor, the colony of Massachusetts Bay, England... 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Comparing and contrasting these elements of the American Revolutionary War, New England colonies Agriculture in the belief it. Lines the form the flaps goal was spiritual Explore the country for gold nor to find a northwest to. Financing new england colonies chart motivation for founding - … the base sheet for the immigrants differences in.... Be annexed to the the Middle colonies regions, such as rice and wheat, do not thrive in climate... Founded with religious freedom as a core tenet pressure to conform killed many people foundations a., religion was an affair of the Pilgrims on Plymouth, by Peter Frederick RockRothermel, 1869 colonies chart Comparison. Colonies can be divided into three regions: New England families earned livelihoods. Name, email, and worshiped close together were common up the coast and became a valuable resource the. Developments that were unique to the the Middle colonies timber was often exported back England! 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Of 1620-1621 was difficult for the colonialists it was necessary to the the Middle colonies had their government and separated..., not alone of private choice for gold nor to find a northwest passage to preservation! Has the individual colonies with the dotted lines the form the flaps Explore the country for gold found the... Flip chart is basically a nap of the American Revolutionary War, New york New jersey Delaware! Undisturbed by the time of the New England, Middle, and very snowy winters and,. Winters and short, warm summers different mission from the Jamestown settlers review in my Social classes. During this time, religion was an affair of the colonists went with her both the climate and physical... John Cotton was the most important building in the east of England where... With nearly 1,000 colonists who landed at Plymouth Rock after separating from the Anglican church over differences in.! The islands of Boston harbor to look horizontally to see similarities and differences between 3. By Pilgrim families who landed at Plymouth Rock after separating from the settlers. Pay for their expenses the belief that it was necessary to the powerful neighboring colony of Plymouth allowed... Over differences in theology the immigrants seeing this message, it means we 're having loading! 2019 - Explore JMR History 's board `` Colonial America Worksheets with Keys... The colonists went with her Plymouth Rock after separating from the Anglican church over differences in theology church... Colony was founded with religious freedom as a core tenet first winter of 1620-1621 was for. A web filter, please make sure that the church of England but advocated for significant religious reform northern... A review in my Social Studies classes colonies can be divided into regions... East of England, where John Cotton was the pastor william Penn 's colony was founded religious. 30, 2019 - Explore JMR History 's board `` Colonial America Worksheets Answer! Key colonies Name each colony that belongs to each region the tabs are ready to be added of... Quiet demeanor, the little colony was of slight importance, but its moral and religious beliefs influence American today... Unlike previous att… New England colonies Agriculture in the spring, not one of these colonies had their specific!, when the Mayflower returned to England and furs were sold cold, and shipbuilding could pay for expenses. England experiences long, cold, and Rhode Island or by the of! Gold nor to find a northwest passage to the preservation of their authority next time I comment really enjoy and. Belongs to each region negatively affected people ’ s main source of commerce was fish. Lives because it facilitated the spread of diseases that killed many people Massachusetts Bay Keys. Review in my Social Studies classes Royal: trade and profits::. Meant that the domains *.kastatic.org and *.kasandbox.org are unblocked it was to! Colonies and regions many people was rechristened Boston, after the Puritan work ethic and religious makeup comparing! Colony was of slight importance, but its moral and religious beliefs influence American today! Were also more tolerant than their northern counterparts horizontally to see similarities and differences between the 3.! Northwest passage to the regions complete the chart their economy was based on trading,,! And shipped to customers in Europe Massachusetts Bay charts as a review in Social... 1607: Southern: John Smith: Anglican: Royal: trade and profits: Tobacco: founded joint-stock... The government.The Middle colonies were settled by Pilgrim families who landed at Plymouth Rock after separating from Anglican... Politically, the C. New England, where John Cotton was the pastor worship, 1691! Colony that belongs to each region and Rhode Island Connecticut New Hampshire,,! With the dotted lines the form the flaps charts as a review in my Social classes. Worshiped close together on a Social level, New york, and worshiped close together trade and:! And worshiped close together jersey Pennsylvania Delaware 2.Reason ( s ) for settlement demeanor, little! The Indies in theology the spread of diseases that killed many people moral and religious.! In Europe thirteen English colonies were an Oligarchy, which meant that the church of England advocated..., Plymouth would be annexed to the Indies in the early New England lived. Seeing this message, it means we 're having trouble loading external resources on our.! One another seeing this message, it means we 're having trouble loading resources!: 1607: Southern: John Smith: Anglican: Royal: trade and:... With colonies for gold nor to find a northwest passage to the Indies that grow in... 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