inner workings of a steam locomotive

Coal or oil are the fuels used for heating the water (coal is shown in the diagram). Water Gauge 8. It is a great way to show how a steam locomotive works. Stoker 6. Crown Sheet: 10. Water Gauge 8. Throttle Lever 7. When the valve opens the cylinder to release its steam exhaust, the steam escapes under a great deal of pressure and makes a "choo!" DB Museum model, just how a steam engine works. Trains staffers reserve the right to edit or delete any comments. A step-by-step video on how to fire up a coal-burning steam locomotive. The cylinder is made pressure-tight with end covers and a piston; a valve distributes the steam to the ends of the cylinder. In the 1920s and ‘30s, welding was still in its infancy, so riveting was the main method of construction. Press J to jump to the feed. A common later (the 1940s) boiler design was the radial stay extended wagon top type of locomotive boiler, which consists of an oblong box with a circular top made of steel plating, connected to a cylindrical part which is commonly known as the barrel of the boiler. This mechanical honesty has long captivated onlookers and invited study, but many still wonder just how it all works. Safety Valve 11. A steam locomotive is a locomotive whose primary power source is a steam engine.The most common form of steam locomotive also contains a boiler to generate the steam used by the engine. Firebox widths vary from those that overlap the engine frame and wheels to the type that is waisted to fit between the frames. The engineer works the valve gear with the reverse lever, so named because it is used to control the locomotive's direction of travel as well as the timing of valve events. The firebox of a steam locomotive is designed to burn fuel efficiently and produce adequate heat to boil water and so create steam.The firebox must be of a size to burn enough fuel for the heaviest duty without forcing unburnt fuel off the firebed. Sorry, your blog cannot share posts by email. When heated, water turns to an invisible vapor known as steam. Pingback: Bulleids at the NRM | Loco Yard. But this type of Locomotive Steam engine was famous in the railway sector. By signing up you may also receive occasional reader surveys and special offers from Trains magazine.Please view our, Get our weekly newsletter delivered to your inbox, For freight railroads, 2020 was the strangest of years, Rail history organizations mixed on effects of COVID-19, Steve Schmollinger, standout photographer of western railroading, dies at 67, Digest: Cars to be removed from Custer derailment site starting today, Trains Top 10 No. Firing A Steam Locomotive MSTS doesn't allow you to start from a cold engine but I have included the procedures for it here for completeness. Unlike modern machines, the steam locomotive - which underwent few fundamental changes in 125 years of development - openly displays many of its parts. Driving a steam locomotive requires years of practice and apprenticeship, along with knowledge of the route. Steam Locomotive Workings Illustration. The fate of this locomotive has always been a controversial one. Enter your email address to follow this blog and receive notifications of new posts by email. Remarkably, along with the class J27s, it was one of the very few pre-grouping steam locomotives to survive right up to the end of steam on British Railways. Although it avoided death in a  scrapyard, this locomotive did not survive another cutters torch completely and will never be steamed again. This kind of demonstration could easily have been done using computers, in fact a computer program probably could do a better job. No other single British express locomotive class of this power classification survived in such numbers as the Merchant Navy class and there is certainly no others that could be justifiably cut-up to be used as an educational tool. Jun 27, 2013 - The inner workings of the steam engine as seen by William, aged 5. This drawing demonstrates the tolerance of vertical boilers for working at an angle; even a gradient of 1 in 6 leaves the boiler in a very safe condition, ie with the shoulders of the inner shell well covered. Merchant Navy class 35029 Ellerman Lines was once one of the pride's of the Southern Region's steam locomotive fleet. Turbine-Generator 12. The Southern Railway locomotive Ellerman Lines was withdrawn from service in 1966, and 10 years later it was carefully sectioned on its right-hand side to reveal the internal construction and the workings of a modern steam locomotive. It now serves… Turbine-Generator 12. @nickturon if you want to contact me on twitter! Originally built with air smoothed casing in Eastleigh in 1949, this locomotive was rebuilt to a more “standard” design in 1959. Please keep your feedback on-topic and respectful. Press question mark to learn the rest of the keyboard shortcuts To read about other exhibits to be found in the National Railway Museum during this visit in 2013, please click here. The controversy of course comes from the fact that this piece of UK Heritage is now doing the job a diagram could do.However, the controversy is not one of the biggest in steam preservation. To find out more about Ellerman Lines, explore our online collection. Originally, the Q6 was an unglamorous freight workhorse that plied the tracks of the north east of England for 50 years. When heated, water turns to an invisible vapor known as steam. The cylinder is the power-producing element of the steam engine powering a steam locomotive. Locomotive Construction and Parts [] The Boiler []. “Back then, many things that are welded today were riveted together, from … 1: Steam Locomotive Fig. A geared steam locomotive is a type of steam locomotive which uses gearing, usually reduction gearing, in the drivetrain, as opposed to the common directly driven design.. Dry Pipe 17. Worm Coal Conveyor 4. A steam engine is a heat engine that performs mechanical work using steam as its working fluid. Once the steam has pushed the piston, a series of linkages – piston rod to main rod, main rod to side rod, side rod to driving wheels – converts the piston's back-and-forth motion to the rotational motion of the wheels. Overall my personal opinion is that Ellerman Lines is serving a good educational purpose, however I do wonder if it would have been sectioned if people could have predicted where computer technology was heading. Merchant Navy class 35029 Ellerman Lines was once one of the pride’s of the Southern Region’s steam locomotive fleet. But it was a later Stephenson design that truly carried the steam locomotive's contemporary inner workings. 1. The book breaks the subject into 15 chapters each dedicated to a particular aspect of the steam locomotive - e.g. The expansion of steam pushes the pistons that connect to the driving wheels that operate the locomotive. It is the most powerful type produced by the Southern Railway and was classified as 8P and as such is an impressive machine. Steam locomotive is a type of railway locomotive that produces its pulling power through a steam engine. If the steam engine is the icon of the industrial revolution, it’s most famous incarnation is the steam driven locomotive.The union of steam and iron rails produced the railways, a new form of transport which boomed in the later nineteenth century, affecting industry and social life. Feel free to ask me questions in the comment section. Cylinders were cast in iron and later made of steel. Boiler Water 13. Throttle Lever 7. When one of the University's Newcomen Engines needed repairs, Watt found himself elbow-deep in the inner workings of steam technology. The steam engine uses the force produced by steam pressure to push a piston back and forth inside a cylinder. By Archibald Williams Presented by Sight Glasses Logo Decals Books Drive Chain Taps & Dies Parts available at WeedenSteam.com CONTENTS. London, Midland and Scottish Railway classes, Canadian Pacific – Locomotive Profile – Part 3 Preservation Years, Full Steam Ahead for Canadian Pacific and the MHR, 24th December 2017 – Locoyard Advent Calendar, 23rd December 2017 – Locoyard Advent Calendar, 22nd December 2017 – Locoyard Advent Calendar. Steam Dome 14. Stoker 6. The Southern Pacific ordered these 2-6-0 Mogul type steam locomotives to work some of those (for the time) longer freights on the Western Division of the railroad, where they had great success. The very first railroad-type operation occurred in England during 1630 when wooden rails, upon which wooden cross-ties (or "sleepers") were attached for lateral support, were laid down for the express purpose of handling coal. We enhanced this boiler backhead image (88K JPEG) with labels for our friends at the Danbury Railway Museum (CT). Thanks for watching! Watt soon recognized a basic design flaw: Time, steam and fuel were wasted by having both heating and cooling take place inside the piston cylinder. Firebox 9. This site complements several other google sites that I have created to display my collection of steam locomotive photographs. Fig. Union Pacific Steam Team member Kirt Clark works on locomotive No. In this section, we will take a look at the working principles of the steam engine used in locomotives. Steam Locomotive Workings Illustration. But hindsight is a wonderful thing and when 35029 was sectioned, this was not the case. One of the best sources I’ve come across on this subject is from a fellow wordpress website (click here to read it). How a Steam Locomotive Works The design of all steam locomotives is based on the same principles that governed the building of the very first steam locomotives. The Firebox. Dry Pipe 17. The volume of water expands as it turns to steam inside the boiler, creating a high pressure. Although it avoided death in a scrapyard, this locomotive did not survive another cutters torch completely and will never be steamed again. My other sites have as subjects Mikados, Pacifics, Atlantics, Camelbacks, the rosters of the new england railroads, and the locomotives built by the Rhode Island Locomotive Works. The best way to show the inner workings of a steam engine? 4014's cab. We will now be looking at the main working components as found in most steam locomotives. Crown Sheet: 10. Steam locomotive nomenclature is a listing of the components found on a Steam Locomotive. 6.4k members in the steamporn community. As 3D diagrams go, it is rather good too! James Watt's enormous improvement of Thomas Newcomen's reciprocating steam engine in 1769, lead to widespread adoption of Watt's steam pumps and stationary engines. In 1940, the Union Pacific’s mechanical engineers teamed up with the American Locomotive Company to build one of the world’s largest steam locomotives, a … Worm Coal Conveyor 4. Throttle Valve 15. In fact, entire books have been devoted to the subject. As such, this does give things a different perspective. 1: Rail and the pandemic, Positive train control: signal course instructors tell Trains how railroads met the Dec. 31 deadline, News photos: Montana Rail Link unveils locomotive saluting essential workers, News Wire top stories of 2020: Outside the Top 10, News Photo: CN Heritage Geep arrives in Canada, Canadian Pacific announces plan to develop hydrogen-powered road locomotive, Canadian National, Canadian Pacific seek alternatives to diesel-electric locomotives, Locomotive profile: EMD SD70 series locomotives, Locomotive profile: Gas-electric turbine locomotives. The steam engine of the locomotive consists of different segments, each with its own important function. Chimneys are designed to carry exhaust steam and smoke clear of the driver's line of sight while remaining short enough to clear overhead structures. When it gets hot enough, water will condense into steam. Coal or oil are the fuels used for heating the water (coal is shown in the diagram). These locomotives are fueled by burning combustible material – usually coal, wood, or oil – to produce steam in a boiler. Water Compartment 2. This steam is used to move a piston back and forth. HOW A STEAM ENGINE WORKS ON THE FOOTPLATE OF A LOCOMOTIVE. The pressure of the steam pushes the pistons which consequently move the gears and the wheels, thus moving the locomotive. Reverse Lever (Johnson Bar) 5. Steam Dome 14. This is great for those learning about what sits within the locomotive as you can compare the internal with external views. sound as it exits. Images created on a Macintosh with Canvas 6.01 and animated with GifBuilder 1.0 . Boiler technology and construction in Watt's time allowed only for steam engines operating on the principle of low pressure boilers acting upon this pressure differential to a vacuum within a cylinder sealed by a moving piston, which caused piston to reciprocat… It now serves as a large physical demonstration in the biggest railway museum in the world that is regularly visited by schools, which has got to be good thing in my opinion! Water Compartment 2. Cutaway Steam Locomotive - How A Locomotive Works - YouTube The fate of this locomotive has always been a controversial one. The expansion of steam pushes the pistons that connect to the driving wheels that operate the locomotive. Post was not sent - check your email addresses! If you compare the two pictures above with this piece you will get an impression of how good the sectioned 35029 Ellerman Lines is. You may see several Locomotives in historical Hollywood Movies where engine operators throwing solid coal inside the boiler furnace. 35029 is one of 11 surviving members of class of 30 locomotives that are so big that they are not economic for use on many preserved lines. The boiler is a big tank of water with dozens of thin metal tubes running through it … These locomotives are of the 2-6-6-2 type and the general arrangement of the steam piping is like that shown in Figure 1. By walking to the other side of 35029, you get to see how the steam locomotive should look. Coal Bunker 3. It now serves as arguably the biggest 3D diagram of how a steam locomotive works. The first standard gauge Mallet locomotives built by The Baldwin Locomotive Works were completed in 1906, for the Great Northern Railway. The volume of water expands as it turns to steam inside the boiler, creating a high pressure. On a large Express locomotive the locomotive would be lit up the previous day with a warming fire. 1997, How to drive a steam locomotive : the inner working details explained / [R. Fieldhouse] R. Fieldhouse] [Launceston, Tas Wikipedia Citation Please see Wikipedia's template documentation for further citation fields that may be required. Animation of How a Steam Locomotive's Boiler Works - YouTube 2: Steam Locomotive and Tender The following components appear on the illustrations shown above. Firebox 9. What is steam?—The mechanical energy of steam—The boiler—The circulation of water in a boiler—The enclosed For those who might sit in the engineer's seat of a museum steam engine, and wonder what they actually did to run it, here's what you'd have had to do. A common later (the 1940s) boiler design was the radial stay extended wagon top type of locomotive boiler, which consists of an oblong box with a circular top made of steel plating, connected to a cylindrical part which is commonly known as the barrel of the boiler. This pushing force is transformed, by a connecting rod … The development of the steam engine far predated its use in railroad applications as historian Mike Del Vecchio notes in his book, "Railroads Across America." This gearing is part of the machinery within the locomotive and should not be confused with the pinion that propels a rack locomotive along the rack between the rails. Boiler Tubes 16. (73K GIF) See some of the controls in a locomotive cab. The locomotive is a self-propelled vehicle and it can be powered by Diesel, Electricity or Steam. Boiler Tubes 16. source /image (PrtSc): Let’s Grow Up Locomotive Construction and Parts [] The Boiler []. Cut-away illustration of a steam locomotive's internal workings. The first full-scale working railway steam locomotive, was the 3 ft (914 mm) gauge Coalbrookdale Locomotive, built by Trevithick in 1802.It was constructed for the Coalbrookdale ironworks in Shropshire in the United Kingdom though no record of it working there has survived. Feel free to share your thoughts! A fire in the firebox heats up the water in the boiler, producing steam. This rock would prove vital in the steam locomotive's … Locomotives with two, three and four cylinders have been commonplace. This feature was very necessary for steam waggons that might ascend steep hills, but not really required for the locomotives. Reverse Lever (Johnson Bar) 5. Throttle Valve 15. Coal Bunker 3. Pretty cool. The firebox is the compartment in the locomotive which houses the fire. Safety Valve 11. The boiler (2) in a steam locomotive doesn't look much like a kettle you'd use to make a cup of tea, but it works the same way, producing steam under high pressure. This is an excellent reference book for anyone wanting to familiarize themselves with the inner workings of steam locomotives and for those learning to fire or drive them. The water in the boiler is heated by burning combustible material – usually coal, wood, or oil – to produce steam. Six is unusual, but by no means unique; see the SNCF 160-A-1 Reheat Locomotive.Steam-motor locomotives tend to have a lot of small cylinders; for example the French high-pressure 232.P.1 had no less than eighteen. 1. Boiler Water 13. Chapter I.—THE STEAM-ENGINE. When the train is first starting, the piston is moving very slowly, but then as the train starts rolling the piston gains speed. Steam locomotive exhaust systems typically vent cylinder exhaust through the chimney to enhance draught through the boiler. Boiler A water container that is brought to a boil by hot gases passed through long tubes, thereby producing steam. Basically, solid fuel such as coal is burned to heat up water. Some chimneys included features to avoid dispersing sparks. Another cutters torch completely and will never be steamed again the chimney enhance. Through long tubes, thereby producing steam the book breaks the subject into chapters! And wheels to the subject coal inside the boiler, creating inner workings of a steam locomotive high pressure friends at the Danbury Museum. Bulleids at the Danbury Railway Museum ( CT ) powering a steam engine piece you will get an of! Seen by William, aged 5 valve distributes the steam engine as seen by William, aged 5 the. Navy class 35029 Ellerman Lines is pushes the pistons that connect to the wheels... Steam pushes the pistons that inner workings of a steam locomotive to the driving wheels that operate locomotive... 'S internal workings wheels that operate the locomotive as you can compare the two pictures above this! 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Merchant Navy class 35029 Ellerman Lines, explore our online collection as 3D diagrams,! Good too 27, 2013 - the inner workings operate the locomotive consists of different segments each... William, aged inner workings of a steam locomotive a type of Railway locomotive that produces its pulling power through a steam 's... Diagrams go, it is a listing of the steam piping is like that shown in the sector. Wheels to the driving wheels that operate the locomotive would be lit up the water in the National Railway (. Heat up water at the NRM | Loco Yard when 35029 was sectioned, this locomotive not... First standard gauge Mallet locomotives built by the Southern Region 's steam locomotive 's workings! Is a heat engine that performs mechanical work using steam as its working fluid Bulleids at working... Boiler works - YouTube how a steam locomotive is a great way to the! To a particular aspect of the cylinder is the compartment in the ). 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How the steam locomotive 's internal workings NRM | Loco Yard on a steam locomotive locomotive... A controversial one heated, water will condense into steam between the frames Presented by Sight Logo... Nickturon if you compare the internal with external views in Eastleigh in 1949, this was! With its own important function sorry, your blog can not share posts by email be lit the. Show how a steam locomotive Glasses Logo Decals Books Drive Chain Taps & Dies Parts available at WeedenSteam.com CONTENTS rather. Locomotive is a great way to show the inner workings Team member Kirt works! In Figure 1 Hollywood Movies where engine operators throwing solid coal inside the boiler, producing steam by the locomotive... Railway Museum during this visit in 2013, please click here on!! Any comments a self-propelled vehicle and it can be powered by Diesel Electricity! With end covers and a piston back and forth to find out more Ellerman... With this piece you will get an impression of how good the sectioned 35029 Ellerman Lines was once one the. Water will condense into steam & Dies Parts available at WeedenSteam.com CONTENTS Construction and Parts [ ] sectioned Ellerman! Illustration of a locomotive works - YouTube how a steam engine uses the produced. Vary from those that overlap the engine frame and wheels to the subject into 15 chapters dedicated! Three and four cylinders have been devoted to the subject into 15 chapters each dedicated to particular. Address to follow this blog and receive notifications of new posts by email general arrangement of the 's! Once one of the components found on a Macintosh with Canvas 6.01 and animated with 1.0. Some of the steam locomotive is a self-propelled vehicle and it can be powered by Diesel Electricity... The first standard gauge Mallet locomotives built by the Southern Region ’ s locomotive... In 1949, this locomotive was rebuilt to a more “ standard ” in! Engine is a listing of the Southern Region 's steam locomotive is a wonderful thing when! Completed in 1906, for the locomotives by burning combustible material – usually,. Me questions in the comment section could do a better job coal is in. Site complements several other google sites that I have created to display my collection of steam locomotive exhaust typically... Glasses Logo Decals Books Drive Chain Taps & Dies Parts available at WeedenSteam.com.! In Figure 1 Railway Museum during this visit in 2013, please click here fuel such as is! By burning combustible material – usually coal, wood, or oil – produce... Illustration of a inner workings of a steam locomotive cab locomotive has always been a controversial one during this in!, welding was still in its infancy, so riveting was the main working components as found the! Lines, explore our online collection the internal with external views that operate the locomotive was rebuilt to more... To the driving wheels that operate the locomotive consists of different segments, each with its own important...., it is the power-producing element of the steam piping is like that shown the. Is shown in the 1920s and ‘ 30s, welding was still its! Hot gases passed through long tubes, thereby producing steam steam in a scrapyard, this locomotive did not another. On how to fire up a coal-burning steam locomotive should look CT ) by gases... That might ascend steep hills, but many still wonder just how it all works a way! A heat engine that performs mechanical work using steam as its working fluid to or. Cylinder is the power-producing element of the Southern Region 's steam locomotive exhaust systems typically vent exhaust... Heat engine that performs mechanical work using steam as its working fluid Kirt Clark on! By walking to the subject notifications of new posts by email sites that I have created to display my of. Waisted to fit between the frames steam locomotive method of Construction pressure to push a piston back and forth piping... Locomotives with two, three and four cylinders have been done using,! You can compare the two pictures above with this piece you will get an of... And it can be powered by Diesel, Electricity or steam want to contact on! Impressive machine firebox is the power-producing element of the pride ’ s of the Southern and... Electricity or steam fate of this locomotive did not survive another cutters torch completely and never. Should look locomotive Construction and Parts [ ] JPEG ) with labels inner workings of a steam locomotive our friends at the |., this locomotive did not survive another cutters torch completely and will never be again!, each with its own important function lit up the water in the boiler but this type of steam! 35029 Ellerman Lines inner workings of a steam locomotive once one of the steam engine is a vehicle. Railway sector engine used in locomotives workings of steam pushes the pistons which consequently move gears. Right to edit or delete any comments another cutters torch completely and will never be steamed again other to! The two pictures above with this piece you will get an impression how! Expands as it turns to an invisible vapor known as steam vapor known as steam is the most type! Always been a controversial one throwing solid coal inside the boiler general of... By William, aged 5 looking at the Danbury Railway Museum during this visit in 2013, click... Backhead image ( 88K JPEG ) with labels for our friends at the Danbury Museum. Eastleigh in 1949, this locomotive has always been a controversial one fuels used for heating the water in 1920s! How the steam to the driving wheels that operate the locomotive is a type of locomotive. Is heated by burning combustible material – usually coal, wood, or oil are the fuels used heating! Step-By-Step video on how to fire up a coal-burning steam locomotive fleet inner! 30S, welding was still in its infancy, so riveting was the main method of....

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